According to World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Intellectual Property refers to creations of the mind: inventions; literary and artistic works; and symbols, names, and images used in commerce. It can be divided into two categories:
As an investor, owner, or author of such intellectual property, you have rights and can prevent any person or entity from using your intellectual property without your permission along with giving due credit and even monetary compensation. One major advantage of having intellectual property getting registered is that your organization enjoys a better position among competitors.
A trademark is a mark or sign that distinguishes the goods of one entity from another.
The trademark may consist of one or more distinctive words, letters, numbers, drawings, pictures, signatures, colors, or a combination of all these. ServiceMark is a sign which serves to distinguish the services of one entity from another. It may consist of the same characteristics as those of a Trademark.
Any individual, company, partnership, or society can register a Trademark as long as they meet the necessary requirements. Registration of your Trademark gives you an exclusive right to that mark, it is evidence that the mark is yours and it affords you legal rights against others who may want to infringe your right to that mark.
Examples of Trademarks include Jogoo which is owned by Unga Limited, Toyota owned by Toyota Company. These marks have been registered by the respective companies and as such, they have exclusive rights to those marks.
Registering a copyright for your work whether literary, musical, artistic affords you exclusive right to print, publish, perform, or record any literary, artistic musical and authorize others to do the same. In Kenya, the law governing copyright is the Copyright Act and it makes it an offense punishable by fine or imprisonment to infringe on another person’s copyright. To whom can copyright be conferred?
What can be registered?
The Kenya Industrial Property Institute (KIPI) is the body mandated with the registration of Trademarks: